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The year was 1969.

Richard M. Nixon is the president.

March 10. James Earl Ray, convicted assassin of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was sentenced to 99 years in prison.

July 18. Senator Edward Teddy’ Kennedy was involved in an auto accident when the car he was driving crashed off a bridge into the waters off Chappaquiddick Island, Mass. Kennedy was unable to save his passenger, Mary Jo Kopechne, who drowned. He reported the accident to the police the following day. On July 25 he pleaded guilty to leaving the scene of an accident. In a televised statement he called his action of delaying the report of the accident indefensible. He asked his constituents to help him decide whether to continue his political career. In response he resumed his Senate duties on July 31.

July 16. Apollo 11 manned by Neil Armstrong, Edwin Aldrin, and Michael Collins was launched towards the moon. On July 20, Armstrong and Aldrin entered the Lunar Excursion Module ‘Eagle’ and touched down on the lunar surface at 4:17pm. It became the first manned vehicle to land on the moon. Armstrong radioed, ‘Houston, Tranquillity Base here. The Eagle has landed.’About six hours later Armstrong became the first man to walk on the moon. His statement, ‘That’s on small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.’ On July 21 Eagle lifted off the moons surface to dock with the command module and begin the return trip to earth.

March 27. Mariner 7 was successfully launched toward Mars. On August 15 it passed over the planet’s south pole and sent back 91 photographs.

Aug 17. Hurricane Camille killed more than 300 people and left 70,000 homeless in Mississippi, Louisiana, and Alabama.

Aug 15-18. The Woodstock Music and Art Fair was held as a weekend folk-rock festival which became a near disaster.
The crowd was estimated at 400,000 and many more failed to reach fair when traffic jammed and clogged the roads leading to the Catskill area. Rain made a mess of the grounds and food, water, and medicine was flown to the site by helicopter. Drugs circulated freely and the police adopted a hands-off policy. Those at Woodstock were said to have enjoyed themselves in a spirit of peace, cooperation, and enthusiasm. While many characterized the fair as an idle others saw it as proof of of a significant American drug culture.

July 29. The Dow Jones closed at a years low of 769. 93.

The Year was: 1962/1963.

J.F. Kennedy is the President.

February 20, 1962: John Glen became the first American to orbit the earth. The Soviet Union embarrassed the United States ten months earlier, when in April of 1961, Major Yuri Gagarin of the Soviet Union became the first man to be launched into earth orbit and return.

June 25, 1962: The Supreme Court ruled in a 6:1 decision that the reciting of an official prayer in the public schools of New York unconstitutional. That issue is still a hot-button in the year 2000.

October 22, 1962: A Soviet military buildup in Cuba was reveled to the American public by President Kennedy. Cuba was being supplied and Cubans trained to use missiles capable of delivering a nuclear attack on U.S. cities. Kennedy in a speech said, ‘That any attack by Cuba on the United States would be considered as an attack by the Soviet Union on the United States’. The United States placed a navel and air blockade on Cuba to prevent further supply of offensive weapons to the island. President Kenndy and the Soviet Premier Khrushchev reached an agreement and Soviet offensive missiles where dismantled and removed from Cuba. American missiles where removed from Turkey.

July 25, 1963 A limited nuclear test-band treaty was agreed upon by the United States, the Soviet Union, and Britain, eliminating all nuclear tests except for those conducted underground. Goodbye to a lot of American dessert.

November 1, 1963 The South Vietnamese government of President Dinh Diem was overthrown in a military coup. Diem and his brother Dinh Nhu were captured and killed.
Diem was not a favorite of the United States.

Nov 22, 1963 John F. Kennedy, the 35 President of the United States, was shot and fatally wounded by an assassin in Dallas, Texas. Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested and charged with the murder of the President. Jack Ruby shot and killed Oswald and was latter convicted of murder and sentenced to death. Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson became our 36 President. We had left ‘Camelot’ and were on our way to the ‘The Great Society’.

The Year was: 1979

The President is : Jimmy Carter

Three Mile Island was a nuclear near-disaster that occurred when a power plant malfunctioned and the situation could not be controlled by its operators. The plant's containment building was flooded and a major disaster was averted. Contaminated gas was released into the air and residents within a five mile radius of the plant were asked to leave their homes. This became a linchpin in the movement to stop nuclear power plant building and development.

Skylab, a low orbit 77-ton satellite, reentered earth's atmosphere. It showered debris over the Indian ocean. Parts of Skylab survived reentry and were found on the ground in Australia. (JHU/APL staff: remember Litter Chair.)

United States Steel announced that it was closing 13 plants, putting 13,000 employees out of work. Other industries and small businesses where closed. The term 'Rust Belt' became part of the American lexicon

Cigarette Smoking was labeled the 'single most important environmental factor contributing to early death,' in a report issued by the Surgeon General J. B. Richmond. Note that Richmond, Virginia is the geographical center for cigarette production.

Voyager 1, launched in 1997, made its closest approach to Jupiter, coming within 172,000 miles of the planet's atmosphere.

The Dow Jones Average closed the year at 838.4, up 4.2 %.

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